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Old 02-22-2011, 06:28 PM   #2 (permalink)
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Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Buffalo, NY, USA
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Prius C - '12 Toyota Prius C
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Start with the roughly 33KWh/gal LHV (chemical energy) of gasoline.

A gas engine is about 25% efficient (ymmv, drastically) at turning chemical energy into torque, so you've got about 8 KWh of shaft work.

An alternator is about 50% efficient (ymmv, but not too drastically) at turning torque into electricity, so you're left with about 4KWh per gallon. I figure for a typical 200W econobox with the lights off, that's about .05GPH. Turn on the headlights, and it's about .10 GPH.

A typical hybrid is on the order of twice as efficient at generating 12VDC.
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