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Old 12-16-2015, 05:11 PM   #1784 (permalink)
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Another consideration facing train designers is eardrum protection for the passengers as the non-pressurized cabin higher speed trains enter,or leave a tunnel.
So much can be done with the tunnel ends themselves,building like a muzzle brake,but long,organic shapes help with the pressure spikes.
Also,since the trains run 'forwards' and 'backwards',the 'nose' can make a fine boattail.
Japan's Shinkansen has experimented with nose/tail extensions up to 57-feet in length.
Air-brakes too!
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