View Single Post
Old 11-28-2007, 08:24 AM   This thread is in the EcoModder Project Library | #1 (permalink)
MetroMPG
Batman Junior
 
MetroMPG's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2007
Location: 1000 Islands, Ontario, Canada
Posts: 22,036

Blackfly - '98 Geo Metro
Team Metro
Last 3: 70.09 mpg (US)

MPGiata - '90 Mazda Miata
90 day: 53.56 mpg (US)

Winter beater Metro - '00 Chevrolet Metro
90 day: 61.98 mpg (US)

Fancy Metro - '14 Mitsubishi Mirage top spec
90 day: 58.72 mpg (US)

Even Fancier Metro - '14 Mitsubishi Mirage top spec
90 day: 58.34 mpg (US)
Thanks: 3,678
Thanked 6,489 Times in 3,363 Posts
Aeromodding in the 1930's: 38 mpg, 70 mph Model T

Radical aeromodding of the DIY variety (e.g. basjoos' Aerocivic) isn't a new pursuit. I learned this from a friend of mine, whose father - at the age of 17 in 1933 - redesigned & fabricated an aerodynamic body for his Ford Model T.

He transformed Ford's original high-drag disaster into a narrowed, boattailed, teardrop that was faster, more efficient and arguably better looking than the original.

And fortunately for posterity, he documented the transformation in photos:



Harry Stevinson's handiwork: Before, with the original car out goose hunting;
After, with the redesigned aerodynamic body.

  • The end result was a custom car that would go 70 mph with its original engine. The Model T in stock form topped out around 45 mph.
  • Fuel economy was similarly improved with the streamlined version. Harry reported achieving 38 mpg (US), vs. the original car's 25-30 mpg.

Click image to zoom - Harry posing with the project under construction

  • The body was built over wood frame & stringers, wood floor
  • 4 person seating, 2 front, 2 rear
In the above image you can see the other major mod that improved the vehicle's efficiency: Harry installed a second transmission from a Chevrolet, inline behind the original Model T unit. This gave the car 7 forward speeds, and 5 reverse.

Of course not all the gear combinations would have been practical or even usable, but with some experience and forethought, the driver could pick the best one for the job.

Stopping the car was done using the transmission's service (shaft) brake and downshifting, rather than the stock Model T's rear drum brakes. The brake shoes tended to get worn down quickly anyway in the Canadian prairie dust & mud.



Click to zoom: Reduced frontal area... and custom grill.

  • despite small windshield area, forward visibility was fine since the driver sat close to the glass
  • a gas torch served as the front window defroster



Click to zoom - note the upgraded wheels! Changed
from wood to metal spoke. Old-fashioned bling.

  • The "wingless" aircraft look to the car was no accident (can you say "Aptera"?).
Inspired by the barnstormers of his day, Stevinson developed an early interest in airplanes & aeronautics - appropriate, considering his later career which included working at the Canadian National Research Council's Flight Research Laboratory.



This photo accompanied a 1930's newspaper article
featuring the aero Model T


Harry's efficiency interests didn't stop with the aero Model T. In later years, he equipped an Oldsmobile with a basic fuel economy meter: a graduated glass cylinder (in the cabin) which fed fuel to the carburetor. He used it to monitor fuel consumption on the road.

Harry was also an early adopter of the original VW Beetle. Even then, he was aware of its missed potential: despite its relatively good fuel efficiency (for its time), his son Tom tells me he remembers Harry explaining that its poor aerodynamics held it back from even better MPG.

The guy was a true ecomodding pioneer.

---

For those who are interested, I posted the original version of this story on MetroMPG.com, where you can find more info than appears here.

Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	aero-stevinson-dog-after-z.jpg
Views:	5100
Size:	81.1 KB
ID:	101   Click image for larger version

Name:	aero-stevinson-side-house-z.jpg
Views:	409
Size:	68.2 KB
ID:	102   Click image for larger version

Name:	aero-stevinson-4-side-elevated-z.jpg
Views:	827
Size:	72.8 KB
ID:	103   Click image for larger version

Name:	aero-stevinson-framing-ribs-z.jpg
Views:	1355
Size:	86.7 KB
ID:	104   Click image for larger version

Name:	aero-stevinson-3-side-z.jpg
Views:	1269
Size:	96.2 KB
ID:	105  

__________________
Latest mods: 3-cylinder Mitsubishi Mirage. EcoMods now in progress...
Ecodriving test:
Manual vs. automatic transmission MPG showdown



EcoModder
has launched a forum for the efficient new Mitsubishi Mirage
www.MetroMPG.com - fuel efficiency info for Geo Metro owners
www.ForkenSwift.com - electric car conversion on a beer budget
  Reply With Quote
The Following 11 Users Say Thank You to MetroMPG For This Useful Post:
aero84 (04-05-2011), California98Civic (05-28-2012), Daschicken (07-03-2020), Geo Metropolis (12-31-2011), JohnAh (11-26-2014), Jyden (02-14-2010), Laurentiu (01-17-2010), niky (05-28-2012), Piwoslaw (10-15-2009), thatguitarguy (12-06-2009), whatmaycome14 (11-25-2015)