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smonson 12-15-2009 06:59 PM

Injector opening delay

I've built a similar gauge for my '99 Nissan Pulsar (which I think is Almera or Altima or something like that in the USA) after being impressed by the MPGuino when it got mentioned on hackaday. My hardware is similar but totally different software.

My question applies to the OpenGauge/MPGuino as well as my thing. Has anyone actually measured the opening and closing delay of a fuel injector? How do we know it's ~500uS? If the opening time is because of the physical movement of the valve, wouldn't there also be a similar closing delay?

Thanks. -Simon

dcb 12-15-2009 07:08 PM

It is an approximation, the opening takes longer than the closing, and is also dependent on vehicle voltage. But it is measured in terms of consistency between refills at the pump (factoring in refill technique of course). My saturn comes in within 1% consistently, your mileage may vary.

There was a proposal, assuming that your tank refill is accurate, that by keeping track of the number of injector pulses for the tank in addition to the open time , and keeping track of the actual refill amounts. That over several tanks you can find a value for injdelay and microsecondspergallon that best fit all the refills.

Of course if your refills are already within 1%, or off by a consistent percentage, then you might be like "why bother" :) But if not then this is something to investigate.

smonson 12-15-2009 07:31 PM

That's a great idea! I haven't arrived at a value that works consistently for my car yet, although I haven't been keeping data for long yet. I did notice that my measured flow rate is higher than the published rate for my car - at least from what I can find out online. I should have 185cc/min injectors but my current setting is around 210cc/min. That was one of the things that prompted me to wonder about the opening delay.

I doubt my tank refill is very accurate (being a small car with a small tank). I think more information is the answer here. I am actually keeping track of the number of injector pulses in my software anyway to measure the RPM, so I just need to display that number on a separate screen. I wish it was the weekend already...

smonson 12-16-2009 07:21 AM

Here's my setup, for interest's sake. Everything looks better in black.

TomO 12-16-2009 01:04 PM

That looks like it belongs there, smonson, very nice!

olli 12-22-2009 04:16 PM


Originally Posted by smonson (Post 147950)

Has anyone actually measured the opening and closing delay of a fuel injector? How do we know it's ~500uS? If the opening time is because of the physical movement of the valve, wouldn't there also be a similar closing delay?

Thanks. -Simon

VPV-Motorracing Electronics- Bosch Injectors

I was looking for the delays from Google one year ago. I have found only this link.

SIEMENS-DECA 006 injectors

2.5 bar 550ml/min
6 bar 860ml/min
Opening delay: 1.14ms at 14V
Closing delay: 0.85ms at 6 bar

Total delay would be 0.29 ms. 6 bar is quite high fuel pressure. Closing delay must depend of fuel pressure.

dwtaylorpdx 12-22-2009 05:32 PM

So then the question is,,,

If I lower the current but double the voltage will the injector open faster?

Hmm. I suddenly have a new experiment for the racecar.... Bwahahahahaha


smonson 12-22-2009 10:18 PM

That's interesting - a difference of about 0.21ms from what dcb measured on his car. But these ones look like high-performance parts to me. Perhaps that is why. I wish car manufacturers weren't so secretive about everything, it really makes projects like this difficult.

dcb 12-22-2009 10:26 PM

I didn't "measure" it directly, I added it in and the pump numbers corroborated it. I'm sure it could be refined, but to what end? I would suggest a review of the calibration instructions for consistent refills, a lot easier than setting up a test rig to measure it for your specific vehicle, and you might just be overthinkin it. Or you might have peak and hold injectors too, dunno.

Mpguino calibration - EcoModder

smonson 12-22-2009 10:53 PM

The accuracy of my setup varies depending on whether I'm commuting or travelling on the highway. I am just trying for more accuracy here. I'm not saying 500uS is wrong for your car.

Even though your system is quite accurate is all situations, mine isn't. There's a reason why the accuracy changes depending on the driving conditions and I'm just hoping to find out what that is. I don't have peak and hold injectors, though.

I'll be doing a 700km trip over Christmas and have added the ability to display an injector pulse counter on the screen, so that will provide some extra information to narrow down the source of the discrepancy, even if it's just to verify that the fuel injector opening time isn't a big deal.

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