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Old 01-11-2021, 04:23 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Fascinating free paper - but it's on trains, not cars

https://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...dgcid=coauthor

What a great paper! Well written and fascinating results. Worth reading for anyone interested in vehicle aero - not just trains.

They instrumented a shipping container on a train, placing pressure taps/front and back.

Key points to look at:

- how Cd is calculated from just front and rear pressures
- how Cd varied little with speed (as expected) but varied a lot with crosswinds - see graph below
- the different pressure patterns on the container with crosswinds
- how Reynold's numbers are important, because the 'length' criterion varies with the position of the container along the train
- how boundary layer thickness is important - and again varies with position along the train

And, for anyone just interested in tech, how they instrumented (and then retrieved data from) a freight train travelling across one-third of Australia, with no researchers on board.

Variation in drag with wind:


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Old 01-11-2021, 06:20 PM   #2 (permalink)
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"Access through your Institution to view subscribed content from home."

Outline and Figure thumbnails are available.
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Old 01-11-2021, 06:25 PM   #3 (permalink)
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Quote:
Originally Posted by freebeard View Post
"Access through your Institution to view subscribed content from home."

Outline and Figure thumbnails are available.
Oh. I can download the whole paper.

Does this work? https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/s...23942D1DE766F5
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Old 01-11-2021, 06:36 PM   #4 (permalink)
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Nope, it must be restricted for US readers. (I can see if I can get it at my college library or the university library next time I'm there).
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Old 01-11-2021, 06:40 PM   #5 (permalink)
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Ok sorry about that. I just tried accessing it through an anonymous browser and it wouldn't let me in either.

So I must have gained access to the system when I was writing my book. I didn't pay any money, and I didn't do it illegally, so it might be one where if you're a researcher / author / etc they'll let you apply and then grant access.
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Old 01-11-2021, 08:38 PM   #6 (permalink)
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I'm not seeing the link either.
It asks for a login.

One question I would like to ask about trains that may be covered in the article, is why that modern trains got rid of streamlining.
Sure passenger trains are still streamlined, but what about average freight trains ?

They go so far as to have exposed ladders on the sides, and look like a blunt anvil.

I have seen others explain it away as " Well they don't go very fast ", but as we all know, even at 45 mph there is a huge amount of drag.
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Old 01-11-2021, 10:08 PM   #7 (permalink)
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From the paper's intro:

Diesel-powered locomotives remain one of the most favoured means
of hauling freight by trains over long distances. Reducing fuel consumption of existing freight trains by better understanding the resistances that need to be overcome has never been more relevant. One source of energy loss, the aerodynamic resistance (drag), has not had the
same research focus when compared to other vehicles, such as cars and
high speed trains. This may be in part due to an inaccurate perception
that inter-modal freight trains travel at low speeds
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Old 01-12-2021, 02:25 AM   #8 (permalink)
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The paper should be available by request from here.

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