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Old 05-13-2019, 07:52 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Lean burn tuning

Looking to have my car finished within the next week or so (whew, this is a much longer process than my optimistic self anticipated), at which point I'll have the opportunity to start tuning.

I'll start off with two articles I think everyone should read:

http://www.superstreetonline.com/how...economy-tuning

Honda's K20A Engine


~

My (soon to be) ECU is modified by Hondata with their "KPro" system. They have a wonderful piece of software called the "Hondata K series ECU editor" or just "KManager". The ECU supports live tuning and supports monitoring and modification over bluetooth and USB.

If anyone is interested in downloading it just to play with, it's free:

https://www.hondata.com/kmanager






Anyway, to my point of making this thread:

I'm looking for some tuning advice from anyone who has actually tuned for lean burn. My understanding is that peak NOx (and combustion temperature) happens around 15.7:1. This is also peak efficient use of fuel under most circumstances. My (new) O2 sensor is accurate to around 19:1 AFR.




After observing what Honda did with the Insight's stock engine, which runs at 24:1 AFR sometimes, I've extrapolated a few things:

-When running lean, you need to advance ignition timing or the engine begins to skip. I believe this is because flame speed is lower, so you need to start ignition sooner. In the Insight, advance is 20-30 degrees higher at 24:1 than 14.7:1.

-NOx can foul a catalyst. Honda would very occasionally run rich for a few seconds to "purge" the cat.

From other articles I've read:

-Cam timing seems to on average improve fuel economy when advanced, but can't just be assumed. It appears that any changes to intake or exhaust can change resonance in the engine and shift points of optimal timing around.

-Going leaner may or may not improve economy past a certain point. Pumping losses continue to decrease, but BSFC might get worse (for a specific power output) past around 15.7:1. Or it might not.

The main factors I have to play with include:
-Air fuel ratio
-Ignition timing
-Cam timing (-10 to 40)
-VTEC changeover (low vs high cams)
-RPM
-Engine load


It looks like the "correct" way to tune for fuel economy is to get a dyno that can simulate a partial load and to map out fuel consumption vs load at various RPM, varying ignition timing for each 10 degrees of cam angle. I don't have any good way to access such a dyno, unfortunately, and the process sounds like it could be very involved.

Luckily I *do* get to start with a base map for the engine. Unfortunately, none of the included base maps have been tuned for operation any leaner than 14.7:1, so I have nothing to extrapolate from. It would be nice to get ahold of a map from one of Honda's lean burn engines.

I'd love to hear others' experience with this. How did you do it? What were your results?


Last edited by Ecky; 05-13-2019 at 08:58 PM..
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Old 05-13-2019, 10:58 PM   #2 (permalink)
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If lean will fowl a converter don't run a converter.
I tuned for lean burn on my 7.4l suburban and it worked great, pretty basic but it got the job done.
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Old 05-13-2019, 11:07 PM   #3 (permalink)
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That’s part of the reason I’m ditching my cat too... that way I can eventually add lean burn
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Old 05-14-2019, 09:11 AM   #4 (permalink)
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Antique 2 way cats like a diesel VW runs can’t foul and are cheap

While running lean a 2 way cat is the best way to decrease VOC, CO, particulate, just not NOx


Erm thinking about it further your running a pollution controlled car with pcv and exhaust gas intake intact, that chart is invalid with an operational pcv and egr

In other words My guess is your stock cat will live a long life and you should log the pollution after your tune, results will likely surprise you

Last edited by rmay635703; 05-14-2019 at 09:25 AM..
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Old 05-14-2019, 10:35 AM   #5 (permalink)
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Yeah that's true.
My 454 was not running EGR.
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Old 05-14-2019, 11:38 PM   #6 (permalink)
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I did all my tuning on the road. I think you need to keep the tuning road only because you find out that your aero will play a big part in your maps verse a load type dyno.


Also make sure that you set your eco tuning in open loop if you don't run a cat. When you start running lean burn open loop is your friend. The engine in lean burn is really picky the leaner you go and needs a smooth fuel map. This will keep miss-fire from happening.


Try to keep leaner or richer then 15 to 16:1. Combustion will heat up the exhaust valves in this range. You should be able to be at 19:1+ for light load pretty easily. You will have to calculate anything over 19:1 do to your sensor. Pretty simple airflow verse fuel flow.


You will also learn what rpm the engine likes to be at in lean burn. Every engine has its own rpm that makes its best airflow swirl and tumble. That will also be your highest A/F you can run.


Anyway there is a ton more to it but these are good starting points.

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